By Yeping Zhu, contributing writer

如果你生活在美国,你肯定或多或少的吃过一些美式中餐:饺子,左宗鸡,云吞,拉面,炒饭,等等。但是你知道吗?在中国不同的节日人们吃不同的美食。

打开农历,你可以看到很多中国的传统节日。最大的节日是中国的新年,也叫春节。春节是代表一年春天的开始,所以以此命名。春节一般在一月底到二月中的某一天。春节前夜叫除夕,除夕晚上的晚饭,也叫年夜饭,非常重要,也非常隆重。一般人们会为了这顿晚饭而准备很多天。年夜饭必不可少的是饺子。在中国南方,人们不怎么吃面粉,所以他们不吃饺子,取而代之的是年糕。除了饺子,鱼也是必不可少的。因为鱼和余同音,代表年年有余,希望新的一年能够是富足的一年。

清明节是春天的节日。这个节日也是人们祭祖和缅怀的节日。这个节日没有特别的食物,但是人们会买很多水果和糕点去墓地看望自己去世的家人。因为这个节日在春天,很多人也会趁着这个机会跟家人和朋友去郊游,感受春天的温暖和大自然。

夏天的传统节日是端午节。端午节的时候,人们会吃粽子。北方人喜欢吃甜粽子,南方人喜欢吃咸粽子。甜粽子里面一般放果干或者豆沙,咸粽子一般放肉或者咸蛋黄。

秋天的重要的节日是中秋节。中秋节的时候,人们一定要吃月饼。月饼代表月亮,所以月饼里面有一个完整的蛋黄。除了月饼,人们也要吃很多水果,特别是柚子。柚子有保佑孩子的意思。 

每一个传统的节日都是中国人对自己文化的传承,对于五彩缤纷的美食世界,这些传统的食物或许不再是最美味的了,但是却代表着很多美好的希望。如果你能够有机会在中国生活,你一定不会错过这些传统节日和美食。

I wrote about four traditional festivals in China and what food people eat to celebrate. During Chinese New Year, people eat dumplings and fish, and during the Qingming Festival, people bring fruits and desserts to the tombs to commemorate the people in their family who passed away. During the Dragon boat festival, people eat rice dumplings(zongzi), and during the Mid-autumn festival, people eat mooncakes and a lot of fruits. I also talk about the meaning behind the foods. 

Approximate Translation:

If you live in the United States, you must have eaten some American Chinese food more or less: dumplings, Zuozong chicken, wonton, ramen, fried rice, and so on. But did you know — People eat different delicacies at different festivals in China.

Open the lunar calendar and you can see many traditional Chinese festivals. The biggest festival is the Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival. The Spring Festival represents the beginning of the spring of the year, so it is named after it. The Spring Festival is usually from the end of January to a certain day in February. The eve of the Spring Festival is called New Year’s Eve, and the dinner on New Year’s Eve is also called New Year’s Eve Dinner. It is very important and very grand. Most people will prepare for this dinner for many days. Dumplings are essential for New Year’s Eve Dinner. In southern China, people don’t eat much flour, so they don’t eat dumplings and replace them with rice cakes. In addition to dumplings, fish is also essential. Because Yu and Yu are homophonic, it means that every year is more than one year, and I hope that the new year will be a year of abundance.

Qingming Festival is a spring festival. This festival is also a festival for people to sacrifice and remember their ancestors. There is no special food for this holiday, but people will buy a lot of fruits and pastries to visit their deceased family members in the cemetery. Because this holiday is in spring, many people will also take this opportunity to go on an outing with family and friends to feel the warmth of spring and nature.

The traditional festival in summer is the Dragon Boat Festival. During the Dragon Boat Festival, people eat Zongzi. Northerners like to eat sweet Zongzi, and southerners like salty Zongzi. Dried fruits or bean paste are generally placed in sweet Zongzi, and meat or salted egg yolk are generally placed in salty Zongzi.

The important festival in autumn is the Mid-Autumn Festival. During the Mid-Autumn Festival, people must eat mooncakes. Mooncakes represent the moon, so mooncakes have a complete egg yolk in them. In addition to mooncakes, people also eat a lot of fruits, especially grapefruit. Yuzu means to bless children.

Every traditional festival is the inheritance of Chinese people’s own culture. For the colorful food world, these traditional foods may no longer be the most delicious, but they represent a lot of good hopes. If you have the opportunity to live in China, you will definitely not want to miss these traditional festivals and delicacies.

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